Decolonial artificial intelligence

Chloé ROCHET, étudiante M1 Sciences Po EMI, coordination par Christine Balagué, Professeur, Institut Mines-Télécom Business School, Titulaire Chaire Good in Tech

05/06/2020

It was in the 1950s that the notion of artificial intelligence was invented by the British mathematician Alan Turing in his book Computing Machinery and Intelligence. He was eager to find a way to give machines some form of intelligence to interact with humans with sensible responses. Today, the concept of artificial intelligence brings together a number of techniques implemented to allow machines to imitate a form of human intelligence. This technology is taking on exponential importance and is found in more and more fields of application and in particular in the GAFAMs which control a large part of digital. In fact, while in 2015 the artificial intelligence market weighed 200 million dollars, it is estimated that in 2025, it will amount to nearly 90 billion dollars. From Facebook to Google via Amazon, Apple and Microsoft, the internet giants and all the big companies in the IT world are trying to apply artificial intelligence more and more. Each already has algorithmic computational and information systems that direct our use within a huge database. Among the benefits of this technology are digital innovation, medical advancements and the automation of tasks that a human would not be able to do. Nonetheless, a number of ethical issues arise in the application of artificial intelligence, and we can even trace historical patterns of colonial domination. Indeed, artificial intelligence produces discriminatory effects on historically under-represented, marginalized and even formerly colonized communities. It is therefore in this line that we speak of “decolonial artificial intelligence”.

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